Regional Water Resources Assessment in 12 Southern Africa Countries
Stanley Consultants complied the Southern Africa Regional Water and Associated Environmental Implications Assessment which focused on water resources in 12 countries.
The Southern Africa Regional Water and Associated Environmental Implications Assessment focused on water resources in 12 countries; Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zaire, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The study examined the existing water resources in the Southern African Region and:
- Identified elements facilitating inter-country or inter-regional sharing of water resources.
- Determined ranking criteria to evaluate which regional projects should be supported.
- Assisted the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) in determining its involvement in the region's water sector.
- The project was divided into two phases. The study consisted of data collection and information gathering on treaties, water law, and legislation; regional projects, national water policies, strategies, and water master plans; and national budgets and donor involvement.
- Identified the need for regional Environmental Impact Assessments for water usage among the 12 countries, provided the foundation for an environmental management program through the regional environmental protection organization, and identified needs and requirements for strengthening the environmental and water resources agencies throughout the region with cohesive environmental management plans that are applicable to each country. Legislation as to water resources was collected and analyzed in the context of regional environmental assessments and development.
Stanley Consultants' report described the existing physical, organizational, legal, and institutional environment of the region's water sector and recommended an environmental management plan and a plan of action to increase regional cooperation and to reduce regional environmental organization. The assessment also described all donors active in regional water sectors, their specific interest area, and their levels of funding. It also contained a recommended list of prioritized projects. The report recommended which of the following water sector development areas USAID should consider for involvement: master planning, feasibility studies, institutional building, training, and technical assistance; capital projects; privatization; and policy analysis and change.